Last summer marked the 50th anniversary of Martin Luther King Jr.’s famous “I Have a Dream” speech given on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial during the March on Washington. Seen and heard by millions on television and radio, the speech established King as a master orator and led to his being named Man of the Year by Time magazine in 1963 as well as his winning the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964. The “dream” portion of the speech was a positive note in a rally that aimed to draw attention to the desperate need for civil rights and economic reform for African Americans in the United States.

If King’s “I Have a Dream” speech inspired Americans to seek a better, nonviolent and racially just future—a future he hoped to see—his “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop” speech given on the eve of his assassination in 1968 ominously described the price King would pay for his beautiful vision.